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lotusLotus Cars

The First 100 Lotus Cars

Lotus is a unique car company that grew from the fertile genius of
Colin Chapman. The early creations were a blend of sport, competition
and street use cars. As the company grew the cars became purpose
built race cars and production road cars that were thinly disguised race
cars that spent the weekdays going to and from work and on the
weekends circulating around the local race tracks.

MARK 1                                             1948             
The first, based upon a 1930 Austin 7 saloon.      Trials Special
The chassis was constructed in a manner that
Chapman had learned from his engineering
schooling.  Every body panel was stressed such
that it would add to overall strength of the
car without adding unnecessary weight, an
engineering philosophy which was to carry on
for the rest of Lotus history.

MARK 2                                             1949             
A much improved specials for Trials, circuit       Trials and racing special
and track use. First fitted with a Ford 8 motor    Ford 1172 cc side valve
and later upgraded to a 1172cc Ford 10.            4 speed
Significant were the steering headlamps
enclosed by the grill.

MARK 3                                             1951 to 1952     
The first Lotus built for closed circuit           750 Formula Car
racing. Chapman designed to win the 750cc          Chassis weighed 65 lbs
Championship. Chapman and his then girl
friend, Hazel, drove the car to the race,
promptly won and then drove home. Chapman
cleverly developed an intake manifold to
"de-siameze" the usual two port Austin
engine, subsequently the rules were changed
to ban such manifolds. The first Lotus
sold to customers.

MARK 4                                             1952             
With his shop behind his father's hosterly         Trials Car
in Hornsey, Chapman begat Lotus Engineering.
The Mark 4 was a upgraded Mark 2 with a
1172cc Ford engine.

MARK 5                                                                   
This car was never built. It was to be the
first 100mph 750cc formula car.

MARK 6                                             1952 to 1955     
The Mark Six was the first production sports       Tubular chassis, 55 lbs
car for Lotus. The Mark Six used independent       Ford 1099cc, 40 bhp
front suspension, and a tubular steel space        3 Speed Ford
frame covered by stressed panels of aluminum.
The Mark Six was extremely successful both
on the track and on the road.

MARK 7                                             1952             
The Mark Seven was a Formula 2 racer.              Sports Racing Car
That became the Chairmontes special.

Mark 7                                             Productions Sports Car
An upgraded Mark 6. Its introduction was           Series 1: Seven F, Seven 7,
put off until time was found in the busy             Super Seven, Seven A,
racing circuit. The chassis is a simplified          Seven A America
version of the Eleven with stressed aluminum       Series 2: Seven F, Seven A,
panels in the undertray and sides. Numerous          Seven A America, Seven,
engines (Ford, BMC, and Coventry Climax)             Super Seven, SCCA Cosworth,
and upgrades were made over the 16 years             Super Seven 1500,
of production. Still in production today             Cosworth Super Seven 1500
in variant of the Caterham Seven.1957 to 1973      Series 3: Economy, Standard,
                                                       Seven SS, Seven S
                                                   Series 4 (see Type 60)

MARK 8                                             1954             
Chapman brought aerodynamics to racing with        Sports Racing Car
Frank Costin, aeronautical aerodynamics            MG 1467cc
engineer with De Havilland Aircraft Company.       Tubular space frame
The Mark 8 could exceed 125mph with only           Independent Front Suspension
85 horsepower. The Mark 8 had a fully paneled      deDion rear suspension
undertray illustrating that Costin was fully
aware that the air flow beneath the car was
as important as that above the car a lesson
that Chapman was to later take to the extreme.

MARK 9                                             1955             
With Mike Costin in full time employment Lotus     Sports Racing Car
developed a smaller lighter more aerodynamic       Coventry Climax FWA
car than the Mk 8. The Mark 9 was raced at         Top Speed: 127 mph
Sebring and led at Le Mans in the 1100cc class.    0-60: 7.8 sec

MARK 10                                            1955             
Customer Mike Anthony wanted a Mk8 capable         Sports Racing Car
of running a 2 liter six cylinder Bristol          Bristol 1971cc engine
engine. The Mk 10 used Dunlop disc brakes          Bristol 4 speed
front and rear with an aerodynamic low
drag body.

MARK 11                                            1956 to 1958     
The "Eleven" was a class winning car at            Sports Racing Car
Le Mans. It set the world speed record for         Coventry Climax:
an 1100cc (67 CID) car at 143mph! The Eleven       FWA 1098cc
won in class at the LeMans 24 hours of             FWB 1460cc
Endurance in the 1500cc and 1100cc classes         Tubular space frame
and took the overall win for the Index oF
Performance. Revised in 1956 to Series 2

TYPE 12                                            1957             
The Type 12 was first raced in 1957.               Formula 2 and Formula 1
This was the first non-road going Lotus.           Coventry Climax FPF
A single seat race car tubular space framed        Lotus 5 speed
Formula 2 racer. The car showed promise and        Weight: 660 lbs
was Lotus' beginning in what was to become
the most successful modern racing team.

TYPE 13                                                                  
Was not allocated, but is considered 11 Series 2.

TYPE 14 - Elite                                    1957 to 1963     
The Lotus Elite was introduced at the 1957 Earls   Production GT Car
Court Motor Show. Years ahead of its time the      Coventry Climax FWE
Elite body and chassis were of a fiberglass        Monocoque GRP Chassis/Body
monocoque design with suspension pieces bolted     Independent Suspension
to the fiberglass structure at reinforced points.  4 wheel disc brakes
The entire structure was extremely light and       Drag Coeficient: 0.30 Cd
rigid. The 1960 LeMans race had four Elites        Weight: 1485 lbs
running, one of which won the 1300cc class
and was 14th overall and another won the
Index of Thermal Efficiency.

TYPE 15                                            1958 to 1960     
Aimed at LeMans the sports racing Lotus 15         Sport Racing Car
was based upon the F2 Type 12. Wishbone front      Tubular space frame
suspension, fitted with 1.5, 2.0 and 2.2
Climax engines.

TYPE 16                                            1958 to 1959     
The car was a formula car fashioned after the      Formula 1 and Formula 2
Vanwall. Uprated engined cars were the first       Coventry Climax FPF
Lotus cars to compete in Formula 1. The cars       Tubular space Frame
broke continually and failed to score Lotus'
first F1 win.

TYPE 17                                            1959             
This was the last front engined Sports Racing      Sports Racing Car
Lotus. A large car designed by Len Terry,          Conventry Climax FWA
used strut suspension at all four corners.

TYPE 18                                            1960             
The Lotus revolution begins; the Lotus 18 was      Formula 1, 2 and Junior
one of the first race cars with mid-engine         Tubular Space Frame
design. Although under powered when compared       Double Wishbone suspension
to the competition of the then dominant
Ferraris, the Lotus 18 was capable of out
handling the Ferraris. Thus in the hands of
Sterling Moss Lotus scored its first Formula
One victory at the 1960 Grand Prix of Monaco.

TYPE 19                                            1960 to 1962     
The Type 18 was widened and formed into Lotus'     Sports Racing Car
first mid-engined sports racer. Very quick,        Tubular Space Frame
powered by 2.0 and 2.5 Climax FPF engines.
The 19B was built for Dan Gurney and powered
by a Ford V8.

TYPE 20                                            1961             
Formula Junior replacement for the Type 18.        Formula Junior
Still used the half shafts as the upper            Cosworth Ford 105E
suspension link in the rear. Used fiberglass       Renault 4 speed
panels for the bodywork. Dominated the class       Weight: 805 lbs
powered by a Ford 105E tuned by Cosworth.
Sent to the U.S. powered by a Ford 1500cc

TYPE 21                                            1961             
Driven by Jim Clark in both the F1 series          Formula 1
and Tasman series. The first car to use            Coventry Climax FPF
rocker arm front suspension with inboard           ZF 5 speed
front springs and double wishbone rear

TYPE 22                                            1962             
Dominated the F2 class is an                      Formula Junior
understatement. At only 880 lbs and               Cosworth Ford 105E
powered with a Cosworth Ford 1098cc               Girling Disc Brakes
engine with 100 hp and slanted 30
made the Lotus 22 a winner. 

TYPE 23                                            1962 to 1964     
One of the most popular sports racers in           Sports Racing
Lotus history. Powered by the Ford based           Lotus Twin Cam 1498cc, 
engines, 1100cc and later the Lotus Twin Cam.      Tubular Space Frame
Used Type 19 suspension, with larger tanks.

TYPE 24                                            1962             
The last space frame (tube) Lotus, this            Formula 1
car was basically a Type 21 developed to           Coventry Climax FWMV
fit a Climax or BRM V8 engine. The cars            ZF 5 speed
were sold to customers who did not suspect
the advent of the Lotus Type 25.

TYPE 25                                            1962 to 1965     
The most successful car of the 1500cc              Formula 1
Formula 1 era. It was the first Formula 1          Coventry Climax FWMV 
race car to use a chassis based upon               ZF 5 speed
monocoque construction. The success                Bath Tub Monocoque
of the Lotus 25 allowed Jimmy Clark                Weight: 995 lbs
to win 14 Formula One Grand Prix Races
and the World's Driver's Championship
and Lotus to win the World's Constructor's
Championship in 1963.

TYPE 26 - Elan                                     1962 to 1971     
The Elan was the first Lotus use the now           Productions Sports Car
famous backbone chassis. The backbone              Lotus Twin Cam 1558cc
chassis used the principles of monocoque           26R: Racing Version
construction and was easy to build, yet            Series 1: 1962 - 1964
light and very rigid. This structure was           Series 2: 1964 - 1965
suspended independently and had disc brakes        Series 3: See 36 & 45
at each wheel. The body was fiberglass.            Series 4: See Type 45
The Elan continued in production through
1974 and became the most produced Lotus ever.

TYPE 27                                            1963             
A monocoque Formula Jr. front rocker arm
suspension with lower wishbones and rear
twin radius arms with lower wishbones
and upper links. Initially fiberglass was
used for the tub paneling that was
later replaced by alloy panels.
Formula Junior
Cosworth Ford 1097cc
Weight: 880 lbs

TYPE 28 - The Lotus Cortina                        1963 to 1966     
Ford of England came to Lotus to build 1000        Production Sedan
special Cortina GT's with a twin cam engine        Lotus Twin Cam 1558cc
to compete in Group 2. The Lotus Cortina           Ford 4 speed
sported a completely different rear suspension,
light alloy body panels and Lotus Twin Cam
engine. Top speed was 105 mph, 0-60 in 9.9 sec.
So potent was the performance of the Lotus
Cortina that they dominated the Sedan classes.

TYPE 29                                            1963             
The Lotus 29 was based upon the Lotus 25,          Indianapolis
but was built with its suspension offset           Ford V8 4260cc - 370 bhp
to the left specifically to handle the left        Monocoque chassis
turns at the Indianapolis 500. Jim Clark
finished second at Indy, 1st at Milwaukee
and dominated at Trenton.

TYPE 30                                            1964 to 1965     
A powerful Ford V8 pushed this sports racer        Group 7 Sports
with backbone chassis. Front suspension was        Ford V8 4727cc - 350 bhp
double wishbone and rear was upper wishbone
and reversed lower wishbone.

TYPE 31                                            1964             
And improved version of 1962 Type 22 chassis       Formula 3 - Single Seater
design. Powered by a production based 1
liter Ford.

TYPE 32                                            1964             
Using a monocoque chassis powered by Cosworth's    Formula 2 and Tasman
new 998cc SCA engine. Based upon a Lotus 27 with   Cosworth 998cc, 115 bhp
front suspension similar to the Lotus 25.          Hewland Mk 4, 5 speed
Driven by Jim Clark with a 2.5 Liter FPF in the
Tasman series.

TYPE 33                                            1964 to 1965     
The Lotus 33 evolved from the Lotus 25. The 33     Formula 1; Single Seater
nearly took Jim Clark and Lotus to back to back    Coventry Climax FWMV
Driver's and Constructor's Championships in 1964.  ZF 5DS10, 5 speed
It was only a split oil line on the last lap       Aluminum Monocoque
of the last race that robbed them of their         Weight: 985 lbs
victories. But, in 1965 the Lotus 33 did its job,
taking Clark and Lotus to their second Championship.

TYPE 34                                            1964             
Lotus assaulted Indy with a modified version        Indianapolis
of the Lotus 29, powered by a Ford four-cam V8.     Ford 4200cc V8, 4 cam
Extremely quick set lap records but was             Monocoque chassis
hampered by inadequate Dunlop tires. Won at         Weight: 1250 lbs
Milwaukee with Parnelli Jones, Foyt second.
Parnelli won again at Trenton. Foyt 2nd in
the 1965 Indy.

TYPE 35                                            1965             
A formula car for F2 and F3 developed from         Formula 2, 3 and Formula B
the Type 27 and 32. Monocoque chassis with
front upper rocking arms and lower wishbones,
rear was reversed lower wishbones with
top links.

TYPE 36                                            1965             
Type number designated for the fixed head
Coupe version of the Type 26 Elan

TYPE 37                                            1965             
The ultimate Seven? Used formula sports            Clubman Sports Car
racer suspension, independent rear suspension      Ford 116E 1499cc
with Elite differential. Very quick.
Only one made.

TYPE 38                                            1965             
Again a full monocoque single seat race car        Indianapolis
built for one race, the Indy 500.  Powered         Ford four cam V8 4200cc, 500 bhp
by a quad cam V8 Ford, the Lotus 38 used an        ZF 2 speed
offset chassis similar in design to that of        Full monocoque
the Lotus 29. Jim Clark dominated the 1965         Weight: 1250 lbs
Indy 500 winning it handily. The Lotus 38
was the first mid-engine car and first
British car to win at Indy. The Lotus 38
returned in 1966 to finish second at Indy.

TYPE 39                                            1966             
This was a Type 33 modified by Maurice Phillippe.  Tasman Formula
The 39 used a space frame subframe to carry a      Coventry Climax FPF
2.5 liter Climax FPF bolted to the main monocoque  Hewland 5 speed
chassis to win a Tasman Championship for Jim Clark

TYPE 40                                            1965             
The Lotus 30 was strengthened with a stronger      Sports Racing
chassis and suspension. The bodywork was           Ford 5.3 liter V8, 410 bhp
distinctive with two angled stack exhausts         Hewland LG500 5 speed
emerging from the rear deck. The last Lotus        Backbone chassis
sports racer to be built. Only 3 built.

TYPE 41, 41B, 41C                                  1966 to 1968     
A Formula 3 car used a wide track and spaceframe   Formula 2, 3 and B
chassis based upon the Lotus 22 and 31.            Cosworth MAE - 100 bhp
The 41 chassis was stiffer due to added            Hewland Mk4 4 speed
sheet steel paneling around the pedal box
and undertray. The 41B was the Formula B
version for America.

TYPE 42                                            1967             
The 1966 Indy car intended for a BRM H16           Indianapolis
4.2 liter engine, but the engine was not           Ford four cam V8 4200cc
ready and the car was fitted with a                ZF 2 speed
Ford V8 for 1967. A tubular space frame            Monocoque & space frame
was added to carry the Ford V8. The
monocoque ended behind the driver and the
original BRM engine was to carry the rear

TYPE 43                                            1966 - 1967      
Chapman truncated the monocoque chassis, ending    Formula 1
it abruptly behind the driver. The engine was      BRM H16 2996cc
mounted to the rear bulkhead and the entire        BRM 6 speed
rear suspension was mounted to the engine and      Stressed Monocoque
transaxle. Other teams declared that the car       Weight: 1105 lbs
would fold in half at the first corner. Today
EVERY Formula One, Indy Car and World Endurance
Cup car has a truncated monocoque chassis with
its engine and transaxle carrying the rear
suspension, it is now accepted as the "only"
way to build a fast race car.

TYPE 44                                            1966             
A Formula 2 monocoque car based upon the 35        Formula 2
with 41 wide-track suspension. Powered by a
Cosworth SCA 997cc engine with 140 bhp and
fitted with a Hewland 5 speed gear box.

TYPE 45                                            1967             
The Series 3 Elan. Replaced the Type 26            Production Sports Car
with detail changes to the body and interior.
A SE (Special Equipment version with 115 bhp
was introduced.

TYPE 46 - Europa                                   1966 to 1967 
The first roadable mid-priced mid-engined          Production Sports Car
street car produced. The Europa were powered       Series 1
by a Lotus modified Renault engine producing       Series 2: See 54 & 65
some 85 horsepower. Fitted in a backbone           Twin Cam: See 74
chassis with a fiberglass body Thus seemingly
meager 85 HP moved the Europa down the road
with 0 to 60 times under 10 seconds. As usual
the handling was often described by motor
journalist as being the nearest thing to a
Formula car for the street.

TYPE 47                                            1967             
Powered by a 165 hp 1594cc Lotus Ford Twin Cam     Competition Sports Car
engine this was the racing version of the Type 46. Lotus Cosworth 1594cc
Light weight alloy components were used in the     Hewland FT200 5 speed
suspension. The 47 was successful in the 2 liter

TYPE 48                                            1968             
A 1600cc Formula 2 car with a monocoque            Formula 2
chassis and a tubular space frame engine           Cosworth 1599c
bay. Suspension was similar to the Lotus 44.       ZF 5DS12, 5 speed
The Lotus 48 won numerous times in Europe
and Australia's Tasman Cup.

TYPE 49, 1967                                      1967 to 1970     
The Lotus 49 was an uprated Lotus 43 designed      Formula 1
for Formula 1 using a truncated monocoque          Cosworth Ford DFV V8
chassis.  In its inaugural race it not only        ZF 5DS12, 5 speed
took pole position in the hands of Graham Hill     Monocoque
but was victorious in the hands of Jim Clark.      Stressed engine
It was the car which introduced to racing to       Weight: 1100 lbs
the winningest Formula 1 engine, the Ford DFV.
Later derivatives of the Lotus 47 introduced
aerofoils, high mounted wings, wedge shaped
body panels, and the use of air management to
create downforce. The Lotus 49 took Jim Clark
to his third World Championship and Lotus to
the Constructor's Championship in 1968.

TYPE 50 - The Elan Plus 2                          1967 to 1974     
An enlarged Elan chassis allowing for a            Production Sports Coupe
roomy interior and two small extra seats.          Plus 2S - 1968
Backbone chassis, with Lotus twin cam              Plus 2S 130 - 1971
engine. Upgrade versions were later offered.       Plus 2S 130/5 - 1972
Top speed was over 120 mph, 0-60 in 8.2
seconds and fuel consumption 28 mpg.

TYPE 51, 51A, 51C                                  1967 to 1968     
Based upon the space frame of the Type 22          Formula Ford
and 31 and powered by a Ford Cortina GT            Ford Cortina GT 1599cc
push rod engine with narrow road type tires.

TYPE 52                                            1968             
This was the prototype of what was to be-          Proposed Production GT
come the Europa Twin Cam, but the car was
shelved until 1971

TYPE 53                                            1968             
Another shelved project, a sports racer            Sports Racing Car
derived from the Type 23.

TYPE 54                                            1968             
The Series 2 Europa, a separate chassis and        Production GT
body and improved equipment and interior.

TYPE 55                                            1968             
A Formula 3 car based upon the Type 41, the        Formula 3
first Lotus to show a truly wedged shaped body.
Used Gold Leaf Team Lotus Colors.

TYPE 56                                            1968             
The Lotus 56 was sponsored by STP and              Indianapolis
Andy Granatelli. It was Granatelli's second        Pratt & Whitney turbine
year at the 1968 Indy 500 with a turbine           Ferguson 4 wheel drive
powered car. The car's body was shaped as          Full Monocoque chassis
closely to a outright wedge as possible, thus      Weight: 1350 lbs
the body of the car was capable of developing
extreme downforce. This design coupled with
the Pratt & Whitney turbine allowed the
Lotus 56 to dominate not only in qualifying,
but Joe Leonard and Art Pollard ran away and
hid from the field only to be sidelined in the
waning laps while leading by a 10 cent O-ring.

TYPE 56B                                           1968             
After the success of the 56 a Formula 1 gas        Formula 1
turbine equivalent of the 56 with four wheel       Pratt & Whitney turbine
drive was developed. However the engine was        Ferguson 4 wheel drive
not ready until 1970 and the 56B was not
raced until 1971.

TYPE 57                                            1968             
A design study for a Formula 1 car with deDion     Formula 1
rear suspension that did not get beyond the
design stage.

TYPE 58                                            1968             
A Formula 2 car with de Dion rear suspension.      Formula 2
Built and tested with both a Cosworth FVA
1600cc for Formula 2 and a Cosworth DFV V8
for Formula 1.

TYPE 59, 59B 59F                                   1969 to 1970     
The Lotus 59 was prepared for Formula 3 and        Formula 2, 3, Ford
powered by a 997cc Holbay Ford. The chassis
was a tubular space frame with fiberglass
panels. The car is best known for its
distinctive nose.

TYPE 60 - Seven Series 4                           1970 to 1973     
The Series 4 Seven used a Elan-like backbone       Production Sports Car
chassis with Europa front suspension. Powered
by either a Lotus twin cam or 1600cc Ford
push rod engine. A one piece fiberglass body
was used.

TYPE 61, 61M                                       1969 to 1971     
A wedge shaped Formula Ford with multi-tubular     Formula Ford
space frame and stress steel undertray. The        Lotus Holbay LH/105
car was successfully used for racing and for       Hewland Mk6, 4 speed
Russell's driving schools.

TYPE 62, 1969	                              1969              
A tubular space framed Europa coupe with a         Prototype
1990cc 220bhp Vauxhall based slant four            Lotus 1995cc DOHC
engine and used double wishbone suspension         ZF 5DS2, 5 speed
at both front and rear. Only 2 built.

TYPE 63                                            1969             
A four wheel drive Formula 1 car with a            Formula 1
monocoque center tub with tubular space            Cosworth Ford DFV V8
frame sections at each end. Powered by a           Lotus Hewland 5 speed
Cosworth Ford DFV, based on Type 56.
2 were made.

TYPE 64                                            1969             
The Lotus 64 was powered by the Ford               Indianapolis
Indy V8. Chapman had seen the benefit              Ford V8 2605 cc
4 wheel drive and with Mario Andretti              Lotus Hewland
at the helm set record times during the            4 wheel drive
practice sessions. However the car never
raced due to poorly heat-treated rear hubs.

TYPE 65                                            1969 to 1970     
U.S. Federal equipped Europa Series 2.             Production GT
Used larger capacity Renault engines of
1565cc and were raised to meet headlight
height requirements.

TYPE 66                                                                  
Only Lotus and Chapman know.

TYPE 67                                            1970             
Proposed Tasman car, but car was never built.

TYPE 68                                            1969             
Prototype Formula A/5000. Wedge bodywork           Formula A and 5000
and Ford 4945cc 480 bhp V8 powered. Had            Ford Boss 302 V8
a wedge shaped monocoque chassis. Originally       Hewland LG600, 4 speed
used tail radiators but were later moved
to the nose.

TYPE 69                                            1970 to 1971     
Formula 2 and 3 car developed from the             Formula 2, 3 and Ford
Type 59 to meet the uprated Formula 2
requirements. Radiator was mounted lower
and was covered by a lower more wedge-like

TYPE 70                                            1970             
A much modified Lotus 68 designed to be            Formula 5000 and Formula A
powered by an Chevrolet 5 liter V8. Later
a second car was built for a Ford Boss 302
engine. Only 7 cars were built with
limited racing success.

TYPE 71                                                                  
The number was never used.

TYPE 72                                            1970 to 1975     
The winningest Formula One race car ever           Formula 1
raced. The Lotus 72 used variable rate             Cosworth Ford DFV
torsion bar springs at both front and              V8, 2993cc
rear, front inboard disc brakes, the               Hewland FG, 5 speed
continuation of the wedge aerodynamic              Monocoque chassis
bodywork, multiple element rear wing               Weight: 1170 lbs
and side radiators. Today nearly every
formula car uses these elements introduced
by the Lotus 72. The Lotus 72 won 3
World's Constructor's Championships and 2
Driver's Championships and is the only
Formula One race car to have won 20
Grand Prix races.

TYPE 73                                            1972             
The last commercially available race car           Formula 3
from Lotus. Much of the development for            Novamotor Ford twin cam
the 72 was incorporated into the 73.               Hewland Mk8, 5 speed
Distinctive for its flat wedge nose
and rounded monocoque sides.

TYPE 74                                            1973             
Known as the Texaco Stars, an alloy                Formula 2
monocoque chassis with inboard disc                Lotus 906, 1973cc
brakes and front and rear torsion bar              ZF, 5 speed
suspension. Introduced the Lotus 906

TYPE 74 - Europa Twin Cam                          1971 to 1975     
Design project of new Lotus engineer,              Production GT
Mike Kimberley. Europa, type 65 was                Lotus twin cam 1558cc
fitted with Lotus twin cam engine and              Renault 5 speed
received improved cockpit and lower
rear buttress panels. Top speed was
123 mph, 0-60 in 7.0 seconds.

TYPE 75 - Elite                                    1974 to 1980     
The new Elite used the backbone chassis             Production GT car
design to carry the four seat fiberglass            Lotus 907 1973cc
body. The engine was an all Lotus design:           140 bhp
an aluminum, dual overhead cam, four                Lotus 5speed
cylinder design displacing 1973cc's,                Steel Backbone chassis
designated the 907. This engine was the             Weight: 2240 lbs
first engine to use a four valve per
cylinder design for street use. The 907
produced 140 horsepower and met the
strict environmental requirements without
the use of smog pumps and catalytic

TYPE 76                                            1974             
The JPS Mk1, designed as a replacement             Formula 1
for the Type 72. Featured twin brake               Cosworth DFV V8
pedals (for left foot braking), with               Hewland FG400, 5 speed
electronic activated clutch controlled
by a button atop the gear selector.

TYPE 76 - Eclat                                    1975 to 1982     
Basically a fast back version of the               Production Coupe
Elite; mechanically identical and the              Lotus 907 1973cc
body was the same from the B-pillar                Lotus 912 2174 cc (1980)
forward. Originally powered by Lotus 907
engine, then in 1980 received 2.2 liter
Lotus 912 engine.

TYPE 77                                            1976             
Officially known as the JPS MkII. An               Formula 1
experimental Formula 1 car at was dubbed           Cosworth DFV V8
the "adjustacar". Nearly every component           Hewland FG400, 5 speed
was adjustable including the length and
width of the car. 

TYPE 78                                            1977 to 1978     
The Lotus 78 was the first car to exploit          Formula 1
the air passing beneath it to develop              Hewland FG400, 5 speed
downforce, "Ground Effects". The Ground            Ground Effects
Effects Lotus 78 developed in excess of            Weight: 1310 lbs
2500 pounds of down force. The Lotus
would round corners 20 to 40 mph faster
than the competition. The Lotus 78 used,
Cellite sandwich material
(aluminum honeycomb) in the monocoque

TYPE 79                                            1978 to 1979     
The Lotus 79 refined the concept of                Formula 1
Ground Effects to its fullest extension.           Cosworth DFV V8
It dominated the season scoring 8                  Hewland FG400, 5 speed
Grand Prix wins out of the 16 races.               Monocoque aluminum honeycomb
Lotus became the 1st team in Formula 1             Weight: 1310 lbs
history to score 3 consecutive 1-2 victories.
Lotus again won the Constructor's and
Driver's Championships. Every race car today
uses the Ground Effects system of under
car air management.

TYPE 79 - Esprit                                   1975 to 1981     
The Lotus Esprit was the successor to              Production GT
popular Lotus Europa. Giorgetto Giugiaro,          Lotus 907 DOHC
head of Ital Designs in Italy designed             1973cc, 140 bhp
the body. The mid-engined Esprit was               Maserati SM, 5 speed
powered by the 907 Lotus engine and                Weight: 2220 lbs
weighed only 2200 pounds. The Esprit
accelerated 0-60 in less than 8 seconds,
cornered at over 0.8 G's and put up near
30 MPG. Uprated in 1978 to the Series II.

TYPE 80                                            1979             
The 1979 Formula 1 successor to the                Formula 1
Type 79. The side pod "wings" extended             Cosworth DFV V8
around and below the gear box. Monocoque           Lotus Hewland FGA
used aluminum honeycomb with titanium for          Weight: 1275 lbs
strengthening. The cars suffered from side
pod skirt damage, breaking the suction.

TYPE 81                                            1980 to 1981     
The 81 was the first Essex sponsored F1 car.       Formula 1
The car had no front wings and relied upon         Cosworth DFV 2993cc
the side pods and rear wing for aerodynamic        Lotus Hewland FGA
downforce. Monocoque chassis was a uprated
Lotus 80.

TYPE 81 - Sunbeam Lotus Talbot                     1980             
The number was also used for the Sunbeam           Production Sedan
Lotus Talbot. Another excercise similar to         Lotus 912 DOHC
the Type 28 Lotus Cortina. A derivative of         4 valve engine
the Lotus 907 engine was dropped into a
Chyrsler (Omni) Sunbeam chassis and became
an instant Rallye winner

TYPE 82 - Esprit Turbo                             1981 to present  
In 1981 Lotus added a turbocharger to an           Production GT
uprated 907 engine, dubbed the 910.                Lotus 910 DOHC 2174cc
210 bhp was put out from 1973cc. Lotus             Garrett AiResearch Turbocharger
placed the carburetors downstream of the           Backbone & space frame
turbo enabling them to raise the                   Weight: 2800 lbs
compression ratio, thus enhancing the
efficiency of the engine and eliminating
turbo lag. Turbo Esprit was capable of
going from 0 to 60 in 6 seconds and
breaking 150 MPH. In 1986 displace rose
to 2.2 liters with fuel injection. The
power rose to 215 bhp. In 1989 a electronic
engine management system and chargecooler
was added. Power rose to 264 - 280 bhp.
0-60 dropped to 4.7 seconds and top speed
to 163 mph.

TYPE 83 - Elite Series 2                           1980 to 1982     
The Series 2 production of the Elite.              Production GT car
Powered by 2.2 liter Lotus 912 engine              Lotus 912 DOHC
and used a Getrag 5 speed gearbox or
Borg Warner automatic.

TYPE 84 - Eclat Series 2                           1980 to 1982     
The Series 2 production of the Eclat.              Production GT car
Powered by 2.2 liter Lotus 912 engine              Lotus 912 DOHC 4 valve
and used a Getrag 5 speed gearbox.

TYPE 85 - Esprit Series 3                          1980 to 1982     
The Esprit S3 was fitted with the same             Production GT
chassis and suspension as the Turbo Esprit         Lotus 912 DOHC 4 valve
but was powered by the normally aspirated
912 Lotus engine.

TYPE 86                                            1980             
The Lotus 86 never raced. The Lotus 86 was         Formula 1
yet another of Chapman's strokes of genius,        Cosworth DFV V8
for it used two chassis, one for                   Lotus Hewland FGA
aerodynamic ground effects downforce and
the other to carry the driver. It was a
system that allowed the driver to be
insulated from the harshness of the stiffly
sprung aerodynamic chassis by putting him
in a separate softly sprung chassis.

TYPE 87                                            1981 to 1982     
This was the single chassis version of the         Formula 1
Type 88. The 87 was the first Lotus application    Cosworth DFV V8
of carbon composite used for the chassis. The      Lotus Hewland FGA
87 was used when the 88 was banned.

TYPE 88                                            1981             
An improved version of the Type 86 dual chassis    Formula 1
car. Used a primary carbon and kevlar monocoque    Cosworth DFV V8
primary chassis with a secondary carbon composite  Lotus Hewland FGA
aerodynamic chassis. Lotus and McLaren were the    Carbon Composite Chassis
first to use carbon composite technology.
Eventually was banned.

TYPE 89 - Excel                                    1982 to Present  
The Eclat was improved with revised styling and    Production GT
subtantial changes in the running gear using       Lotus 910, 2174cc
Toyota gearbox and differential. The suspension    Steel backbone chassis
was improved and Toyota disc brakes were used.

TYPE 90                                            1981             
The proposed new Elan project, using Toyota        Proposed Sports Car
running gear. Became project X100 when
Toyota running gear was dropped.

TYPE 91                                            1982 to 1982     
An uprated version of the Type 87B, with a         Formula 1
kevlar carbon fiber chassis with fixed side        Cosworth DFV V8
skirts. The last of the 91's were used as          Carbon/Kevlar chassis
test beds for the new suspension system
and turbocharged engines to be used on
the Type 92.

TYPE 92                                            1983             
With Chapman's death in Dec of '82 the racing      Formula 1
world was stunned, but the 92 was another          Cosworth DVY Mk1
picture of the genius of the man. The Type 92      Lotus Hewland FGA
was the first racing car to use fully active       Carbon/Kevlar chassis
suspension. These were the last Lotus F1 cars
to be powered by Ford Cosworth DFVs.

TYPE 93T                                           1983             
The 93T was a normally suspended 92 with a         Formula 1
Renualt turbo engine. Used a Carbon/Kevlar         Renault EF1 1492cc V6
monocoque chassis with full length side            650 bhp at 12,000 rpm
pods. Front suspension used pull rods. 

TYPE 94T                                           1983             
Gerard Ducarouge joined Lotus and designed         Formula 1
the 94T. The 94 used a 91 monocoque                Renault EF1 Turbo
strengthened and reworked to fit the Renault       Lotus Hewland FGB
turbo engine and revised suspension.

TYPE 95T                                           1984             
An all Decarouge designed F1 car using all         Formula 1
new carbon/Kevlar monocoque, front and rear        Renault EF1 Turbo
pull rod suspension and used a Renault             Lotus Hewland FGB
EFI Turbocharged engine.

Type 96                                            1984             
Roy Winkelmann asked Lotus to build a car          CART
to run in the American CART/Indy car series.       Cosworth DFX V8
The chassis was a composite of carbon, Kevlar      Turbocharged, 2643cc
and aluminum honeycomb monocoque. Suspension       Weight: 1500 lbs
was similar to the 95T. The car was not
approved by CART and needed sponsorship
was never found.

Type 97T                                           1985             
An improved version of the 95T. The                Formula 1
carbon/Kevlar monocoque was further                Renault EF15, 810 bhp
strengthened and a deformable structure            Lotus Hewland DGB
crash protective nose box added. Power
was increased with further development
of the Renault turbocharged engine.

Type 98T                                           1986             
A new carbon/Kevlar monocoque construction         Formula 1
method allowed the carbon/Kevlar to be molded      Renault EF15B
into shapes (not flat sheets). Pull rod
suspension was used at both front and rear.

TYPE 99T                                           1987             
The Lotus 99T was victorious in 2 races, the       Formula 1
Monte Carlo Grand Prix and the United States       Honda RA166-E
Grand Prix, driven by Ayrton Senna. For over       V6 Turbocharged
5 years Lotus engineering had been developing      Lotus Hewland, 6 speed
a purely hydraulic computer controlled suspension  Carbon/Kevlar chassis
system, eliminating the need for springs, shock    Active Suspension
absorbers and anti-sway bars, "Active Suspension". Weight: 1190 lbs
The system was controlled by an on-board computer
that monitored sensors, made millions of
calculations per second and then sent instructions
to hydraulic rams at each wheel. Engine was
supplied by Honda.

TYPE 100T                                          1988             
With the departure of Active Suspension the        Formula 1
100T used conventional push rod suspension         Honda RA168E
and an uprated Honda engine. 

TYPE M100 - Elan                                   1990 to present  
Front drive with interactive wishbone front        Production Sports Car
suspension nearly eliminates the negatives         Isuzu Lotus 1588cc turbo
of front drive. A backbone chassis is used         5 speed, front drive
with a steel and a VARI produced composite         Interactive wishbone suspension
body. Top speed is 137 mph, 0-60 in 6.7
seconds. Powered by a turbocharged 1588cc
DOHC 4 valve 4 cylinder engine jointly
developed by Lotus and Isuzu, 162 bhp.

TYPE 101                                           1989             
The 1989 Frank Dernie designed Formula 1 car.      Formula 1
Powered by a Judd V8 and a planned Tickford 5      Judd DV V8, 3496cc
valve head. Used front and rear pull rod

TYPE 102                                           1990             
The chassis was modified and strengthened          Formula 1
to take a Lamborghini V12. Aerodynamic             Lamborghini V12, 3493cc, 600 bhp
testing was done to improve air flow. 

TYPE M104 - Lotus Carlton/Omega                    1990             
Lotus developed and built version of the           Production Sedan
Vauxhall Omega and Opel Omega 4 door sedan         3.6 liter V6, 24 valves,
with a 3.6 liter 24 valve twin turbo straight      twin turbo
six. A 6 speed gearbox from the Lotus              360 bhp
developed Corvette ZR-1 allows the Lotus
Carlton/Omega to hit 170 mph and 0-60 in
under 6 seconds.

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